Fagus orientalis Links
Author Lipsky
First publication Trudy Imp. S.-Peterburgsk. Bot. Sada 14: 300 (1898).
Synonyms Homotypic Synonyms:
Fagus sylvatica subsp. orientalis (Lipsky) Greuter & Burdet, Willdenowia 11: 279 (1981). Link
Synonyms Heterotypic Synonyms:
Fagus sylvatica var. asiatica A.DC. in A.P.de Candolle, Prodr. 16(2): 119 (1864). Link
Fagus sylvatica var. macrophylla Hohen. ex A.DC. in A.P.de Candolle, Prodr. 16(2): 118 (1864). Link
Fagus sieboldii var. asiatica (A.DC.) Koehne, Deut. Dendrol.: 121 (1893). Link
Fagus sieboldii var. macrophylla (Hohen. ex A.DC.) Koehne, Deut. Dendrol.: 121 (1893). Link
Fagus hohenackeriana Palib., Bull. Herb. Boissier, sér. 2, 8: 378 (1908). Link
Fagus macrophylla (Hohen. ex A.DC.) Koidz., Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 30: 95 (1916), nom. illeg. Link
Fagus pyramidalis Litv., Trudy Bot. Muz. Imp. Akad. Nauk 15: 125 (1916). Link
Fagus hohenackeri Palib. ex Grossh., Trudy Bot. Sada S.S.R. Armen. 2: 21 (1930). Link
Fagus orientalis var. dentata V.V.Byalt & Firsov, Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 45: 24 (2014). Link
Local names Eastern Beech Caucasian Beech Oriental Beech
Range E. Bulgaria to Caucasus
13 BUL GRC TUE 14 KRY RUS 33 NCS TCS 34 IRN TUR
Growth habit tree up to 25-35(45)m tall
Leaves alternate and simple; entire or with a slightly crenate margin 7–15cm long by 5–9cm (2.0–3.5 in) broad with 7–13 veins on each side of the leaf Deciduous
Flowers
Fruits nuts small triangular 15–20mm long by 7–10mm wide at base; two nuts per cupule maturing in autumn of same year cupule with flattened slightly leaf-like appendages at the base
Bark, twigs and buds bark grey and smooth
Hardiness zone, habitat -(UK)-(USDA) restricted to mountain forests between 500–2100m asl
Miscellaneous important source of timber
Subspecies and varieties -
Uses timber

 

Distribution map

 

Molecular data

Fagus orientalis on GenBank NCBI

Online Plant Databases

Fagus orientalis on EFLORAS
Fagus orientalis on Encyclopedia of Life
Fagus orientalis on ePIC RBG Kew
Fagus orientalis on GBIF
Fagus orientalis on IPNI
Fagus orientalis on The Plant List
Fagus orientalis in the online Kew Herbarium Catalogue
Fagus orientalis in the online MNHN Paris Herbarium Catalogue
Fagus orientalis in the online Naturalis Leiden Herbarium Catalogue
Fagus orientalis on Tropicos
Fagus orientalis on Wikispecies
Fagus orientalis on JSTOR Global Plants
Fagus orientalis on EUROPEANA Collections

Scanned TYPES

TYPES of Fagus orientalis on JSTOR Global Plants
TYPES of Fagus orientalis on Kew Herbarium Catalogue
TYPES of Fagus on MNHN Paris
Search for TYPES of Fagus orientalis in the online Naturalis Leiden Herbarium Catalogue

Images

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Online libraries

Fagus orientalis in Biodiversity Heritage Library
Search for Fagus orientalis on Botanicus.org

Scientific literature (ongoing)

Fagus orientalis in Google Scholar